Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD)

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Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD)

Whiplash Associated Disorder is a group of injuries that are extremely common in car accidents. Physiotherapists often describe sprains and strains consistent with “whiplash” as WAD injuries.

There are three main categories of WAD injuries:

  • WAD 1 injuries are diagnosed when the individual experiences pain in a muscle or ligament, but maintains regular strength and range of motion.
  • WAD 2 injuries have the same symptoms as WAD 1, but with decreased range of motion and/or muscle spasms.
  • WAD 3 injuries have the same symptoms as WAD 1 and WAD 2, but with neurological symptoms such as numbness, tingling, muscle weakness, slowed reflexes, and more.
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