Most civil suits today are covered by tort law. Generally, any claim that arises in civil court (including accident injury claims) falls under tort law. There are several exceptions, such as contractual disputes.
The idea behind tort law is to compensate a person for another party’s wrongdoing, usually by awarding monetary damages as compensation. In injury law, this involves accident victims and their families receiving a settlement that can cover the injuries themselves, loss of income, medical expenses, and other consequences of the accident.